What are the effects of immigration on the labour market outcomes of native-born Canadians? What are the barriers faced by immigrants in successfully integrating into the Canadian workforce? And what forces are at work that could explain the persistent earnings gap among the various ethnic groups of Canadian society? Questions such as these represent some of the central concerns of this domain. At the same time, this domain is pressing ahead and fostering innovative research in areas such as the role of education versus experience in fostering integration, the benefits to Canadian society from immigration and an increasingly diverse population, and the interaction of education policy, immigration, and social networks.